The ‘Rubik’s Cube’ is most popular toy of all time and a staple to the popular culture of the 1980s. It was invented by and named after Ernő Rubik, a young Hungarian professor. He taught architecture at the time and had always been amazed by the complexities of structure and math. In an attempt to challenge his students, Rubik engineered a solid cube that could be twisted many different ways and not fall apart. As a handmade item, this was a difficult enough feat – but the real trick was the puzzle included in the toy. Each side was painted a solid color; twisting the cube randomly would rearrange the pieces, and the near impossible objective would be to work out how to put this cube back correctly again. It took Rubik himself over a month to figure out the solution to the problem he created. He had difficulty getting this toy patented and sold, however, facing many rejections from toy companies. However, once the toy took off and was able to get outside of communist Hungary, it defined a generation. It is estimated that one in seven people in the world have touched a Rubik’s Cube. Rubik continues to work as an educationist and is a board member of the Rubik’s company.
Awards and Achievements
Beginning in 1980 and continuing for three consecutive years, he took home the prize of ‘Toy of the Year’ from many countries, including Finland, Sweden, Italy, the United Kingdom, and Germany.
First prototype made in 1975.
There are exactly 43,252,003,274,489,856,000 ways for a Rubik’s Cube to be arranged. Only one of these is the correct solution to the puzzle invented by this famous personality.